• Wilna Rabbets Amayeza Information Services
Keywords: gout, uric acid, hyperuricaemia


When we consume food and drinks, the body must extract what it needs and send the rest away as waste. When the body breaks down purines, which are found in some foods, it forms uric acid. Most of the uric acid dissolves in the blood, passes through the kidneys and leaves the body in urine. When there is too much uric acid in the blood, a condition called hyperuricaemia occurs.

This can happen when the body either makes too much uric acid or is unable to excrete enough of it. It usually happens because the kidneys are not eliminating it quickly enough. The excess uric acid can then lead to the formation of crystals anywhere in the body, but they tend to mostly form in and around joints and in the kidneys.

Hyperuricaemia does not always cause gout, and hyperuricaemia without gout symptoms does not need to be treated. Although hyperuricaemia is not a disease, over time, if uric acid levels remain high, it can lead to several diseases such as gout, tophaceous gout and kidney stones.

Author Biography

Wilna Rabbets, Amayeza Information Services

Amayeza Information Services, South Africa